Ireland is a charming island nation nestled in the North Atlantic region, encircled by smaller islands and islets. It is also known as the Republic of Ireland and contains 26 counties in total. \n\nAptly nicknamed the Emerald Isle, it is a country blanketed by lush greenery and houses some fascinating creations of nature. Some of the most famous landmarks in Ireland include various natural, human-made, and cultural and historical attractions, all perfectly complementing each other to give visitors a one-of-a-kind experience. \n\nYou can get around the country by train, bus, bike, taxi, or renting a car and road-tripping around. But, you will have to take a boat to visit specific landmarks, like its islands. Ireland is a relatively safe destination for travelling around, even for solo travellers. \n\nIf you have decided to take a trip to Ireland to explore its hidden gems, you are in for an unforgettable experience! Make the most of your trip by including some of the famous Ireland landmarks mentioned below on your itinerary!\n\nIn the heart of the city of Dublin lies a 600-year-old castle that loyally served its possessors from Danish Vikings to the British Empire. The historic building holds a significant collection of artefacts, including a range of portrait paintings. \n\nYou can wander around the castle, but access to certain places are restricted. If you want to get the most out of the castle and its adjacent buildings, join a guided tour. \n\nThe tour will take you through the State Apartments, a Viking excavation area, a Medieval Tower, a church (the Chapel Royal), and the castle gardens.\n\nIreland’s oldest and most renowned university, Trinity College Dublin, was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I. Initially born out of ruins of an Augustinian monastery, its predecessors expanded the university as an architectural masterpiece with impressive landscaping. \n\nOne thing you will realise as you wander on its cobblestone ways is the many dreams it has given wings to for more than 600 years. The best way to learn about Trinity College is by taking the guided tour that covers the four important squares of the university, along with an explanation of its historical background. \n\nDuring your visit, make sure to check out the Book of Kells and the Old Library that contains a stack of more than 200,000 books from top to bottom - it is an attraction you shouldn’t miss!\n\nIf you are an art lover, you should know that there’s a national gallery a short walk away from the Trinity College of Dublin that is worth visiting. \n\nEstablished in 1854, this gallery holds an extensive collection of paintings and other artistic works in the form of drawings, prints, sculptures, photographs, miniatures, glass, and furniture. \n\nThere’s a collection available for sale here as well for art enthusiasts who like to own prized possessions. The gallery is home to a renowned European and Irish art collection done by famous artists.\n\nWhile most Irish landmarks have a very colourful heritage, others have a more tragic past. One such attraction is the Kilmainham Gaol Museum; a prison now turned museum for onlookers to gain a glimpse into the shelter that detained prisoners accused of severe crimes to petty offences. \n\nThe prison's primary role was probably during the Anglo-Irish war when it was run by British troops to imprison Irish revolutionaries. The permanent exhibition at the museum covers three main aspects: its social history, Irish nationalism and republicanism, and the restoration of Kilmainham Gaol. \n\nManaged by the Office of Public Works, it is open to visitors who book a tour in advance through the website.\n\nAlso known as the National Cathedral of Ireland, this historical and religious site is one of the most popular Dublin landmarks. As such, a must for your Dublin bucket list.\n\nIt is believed to be where St. Patrick baptised the first converts into the Christian faith. Since it was founded in 1191, it has undergone many restorations due to damages and invasions it succumbed to over time. \n\nThe cathedral today represents classical, medieval architecture with a 43-meter high spire. The interior is exceptionally designed, and anyone is welcome to tour around after paying a small fee. \n\nToday, St. Patrick’s Cathedral hosts many public national ceremonies, like Ireland’s National Remembrance day.\n\nGuinness Storehouse is a museum dedicated to beer lovers or anyone interested in sneaking a peek at the 250-year-old art of brewing the world-famous beverage, Guinness. \n\nIt is housed in the St. James Gate’s Brewery, popularly known as the “Home of the Black Stuff”, the largest stout brewery today. The self-guided tour takes around 1.5 hours as you explore its seven floors that centre around one giant pint. \n\nThe Gravity Bar located at the top lets you sip the iconic Irish beer while enjoying stunning views of the surroundings.\n\nIf you are interested in archaeology or are looking for more historical Irish landmarks to see, then this is a museum you shouldn’t miss when you are in Ireland. \n\nLocated on Kildare Street in Dublin, it features precious artefacts from the Celtic and Medieval eras. Among them are notable artworks from famous painters and objects from the Viking Age obtained from excavations. \n\nThe museum also displays an exciting array of gold items, like jewellery and decorative objects, in its Ór-Ireland’s Gold exhibition. There is a collection of mummified bodies belonging to the Iron Age in the Kingship and Sacrifice exhibition here as well.\n\nThe building at number 14 Henrietta Street has witnessed Dublin and Ireland’s evolution over 300 years. What was once a single-family home evolved into a residence that housed over 100 people and then developed further into the museum that it is today.\n\nThe museum that stands today at 14 Henrietta Street takes visitors on a journey of how life in Dublin was experienced by its wealthiest in the 1700s and its lower middle class in the 1900s.\n\nIf you are interested in seeing this famous landmark in Dublin, make sure to explore the museum with a guided tour. The cost is included in the ticket price and runs on the hour or every half hour - depending on the day of the week you visit.\n\nGeneral Post Office, or GPO, is one of the most famous buildings in Ireland. Located on O’Connell Street, this massive Georgian structure was the site of the 1916 Easter Rising, which failed after lasting for only six days. \n\nGPO was damaged by a fire during the rebellion but was rebuilt in 1929. It has since then served as Dublin’s main post office. The GPO museum offers guided tours and exhibits commemorating Irish history.\n\nThe Blarney Castle and Gardens in County Cork is one of the most revered historical landmarks in Ireland. The iconic attraction here is the Blarney Stone, which, according to legend, can grant you the gift of eloquence upon kissing it. \n\nThe structure of the 600-year-old castle that looks like a war-torn hero from one angle and a mystic building from the other is fascinating to explore. \n\nYou can go for a walk in the expansive gardens of Blarney Castle. They are well-maintained and include separate areas like the Poison Garden, the Fern Garden and Ice House, The Seven Sisters, and many more.\n\nThe UNESCO World Heritage Site, Brú na Bóinne, is one of the oldest human-made landmarks in Ireland. \n\nBrú na Bóinne is home to a massive passage of tombs believed to be at least 5000 years old belonging to the Neolithic era – that’s older than the Egyptian Pyramids! The main attractions here are Newgrange, Knowth, and Dowth, mounds with internal passages leading to a burial chamber. \n\nThe tombs are adorned with megalithic art that will leave you stunned about the kind of sophisticated knowledge that existed back then. Interestingly, it remains a mystery as to who and what inspired these creations.\n\nSituated at the foot of the Wicklow Mountains is another one of the major landmarks in Ireland, the Powerscourt Waterfall. At 121 meters high, it is the tallest waterfall in Ireland. \n\nIts waters descend through granite rocks into the river below. Because of its striking beauty, Powerscourt Waterfall has been featured in films and series like Excalibur and Vikings.\n\nPeople can access it through the Powerscourt Estate and enjoy picnics, birdwatching, and walking the trails along the park.\n\nGlendalough, a valley of two lakes in County Wicklow, is one of the best natural landmarks in Ireland. For nature lovers, it’s a moment never to be forgotten. \n\nYou will love the serene views of lakes’ still waters, the lulling sound of glacial streams flowing over rocks, and the lush greenery that beautifully drapes all of this. There are so many walking trails for you to pick from and will allow you to explore nature easily as well. \n\nGlendalough is also home to a monastic city that stood through battles and invasions, and its charming ruins are a feast for the eyes. There’s a visitor centre close to the town where you can learn all about Glendalough, too.\n\nThe Skellig Islands is a unique set of rocky islands situated towards the western coast of Ireland. The largest of them, Skellig Michael, is the only one that can be explored by foot and offers you breathtaking vistas of the Ireland Coast. \n\nThe Skellig Islands remained hidden from travellers’ eyes until their appearance in Star Wars, which sparked a lot of enthusiasm about them. Sitting atop the island is a Christian Monastery dating back to the 6th century.\n\nTo get here, you have to book in advance as only 180 visitors are allowed per day. The 1-hour long boat ride and steep climb to the top are not easy but certainly a treat for adventure junkies.\n\nDingle Peninsula is one of the best-preserved natural landmarks in Ireland that will spellbind you. You can rent a bicycle and leisurely explore the scenic beauty of the green pastures, sharp cliffs, and sheltering mountains at your own pace. You can also drive a car if you prefer. \n\nThe town is traditionally Irish with Gaelic-speaking locals, and it has an eclectic collection of cafes, pubs, and shops selling a variety of goods. The speciality here is shops where you can purchase goods and have a good drink at the same time. \n\nInch Beach, an attraction here, is sporty by day, brimming with surfers, and romantic at night as a famous place for stargazers.\n\nAs one of the most famous landmarks of Ireland, Spike Island in County Cork is where you will learn a remarkable tale of Ireland that is 1300 years old. \n\nAt first, Spike Island was a monastery that served as a secluded sanctuary for monks, and later, as a fortress that bowed down to an empire. Eventually, it was converted into a prison, the largest in the world in the mid-1800s. \n\nIt was once called "Hell on Earth," and you will understand why as you see the Punishment Block and its grim prison cells that still echo of the brutality endured by the inmates back then. You have to take a ferry ride, included in the ticket price, to get to the island.\n\nA hidden gem in County Cork, on the southern coast of Ireland, sits Kinsale - a charming seaside town that has a very colourful ambience. Initially, it was a medieval fishing port, but now it’s turning into a vibrant city with a lavish appeal. \n\nFamed as the ‘Gourmet Capital of Ireland,’ Kinsale offers you some of Ireland's best restaurants, cafés, and bars. It also has a range of upscale boutiques selling unique, high-quality clothes, accessories, and footwear items. \n\nSome of the popular attractions here are Charles Fort, James Fort, and the Kinsale Museum, among others.\n\nIreland’s oldest national park, Killarney, offers you a plethora of nature-bound experiences that your memory may never cast aside. Situated in Country Kerry, the park spans over 26,000 acres of land and features a freshwater lake, waterfalls, towering mountains, and unique flora and fauna. \n\nExplore its diversity by foot once you choose a hiking trail that best fits your ability and schedule. You can obtain a permit and go on a canoeing or kayaking trip for a more thrilling experience as well. \n\nKillarney National Park is also home to the mansion-styled Killarney House that’s surrounded by well-maintained gardens. So, don’t forget to explore that too!\n\nAran Islands is a cluster of three islands, namely Inis Mor, Inis Oirr, and Inis Meain, located in Galway Bay towards the west of Ireland. \n\nThe beautiful yet secluded archipelago is a place that you might only come across in fictional narratives where rustic stone huts sit atop mountains and cliff-laden areas seem to reach the sky. \n\nInhabited by a small population of Irish-speaking natives, it’s a destination that gives you a taste of traditional Irish culture. You can spend some time at the beach, visit the Inis Meáin Knitting Company, or purchase local handicrafts at the small shops here. \n\nThe ruins of O’Brien’s Castle, the Plassey shipwreck, Black Fort, and Dún Aonghasa are some key attractions here.\n\nSpookily, this castle in County Offaly also goes as Ireland’s most haunted castle, which is why it’s intriguing enough to see.\n\nThe castle’s owner Sean Ryan swears by his countless experiences of sensing the active presence of spirits. Their presence has even been felt by some of the visitors to the castle. \n\nThe 16th-century manor surrounded by greenery is a sight to behold, and if you are brave enough to socialise with spirits, here’s your chance. \n\nThe history of Leap Castle includes many gruesome incidents in the past as well - learning about these makes for a fascinating visit!\n\nFounded by Saint Ciarán in the 6th century, Clonmacnoise is a monastery in County Offaly along River Shannon. It features a cathedral, two towers, three crosses, nine churches, and numerous grave slabs.\n\nBecause of various attacks and decreasing population, it declined during the 12th century until it was abandoned in the 13th century. It became the ruins it is now after it was ransacked and wrecked by English military troops in 1552.\n\nBunratty Castle is a national monument of Ireland located in County Clare. The castle was constructed in the 15th century and today is a famous tourist landmark in Ireland. Bunratty, with “Bun Raite” in Irish meaning “river basin of the Ratty river”, refers to the nearby estuary.\n\nIf you want to make the most of a visit to Bunratty Castle, the castle and grounds are all maintained by Shannon Heritage. Included is access to the Folk Park, a 26-acre village that has been recreated with buildings and equipment from over a century ago. \n\nThere is lots to do for families. Kids (or adults) can visit the Pet Farm, explore the village and learn about Irish history or how farming and other activities were conducted in the early 19th century.\n\nCountry Clare in the Wild Atlantic Way is home to the Cliffs of Moher that are over 350 million years old. The highest point of the cliffs, with a drop of 700 feet, has an observation tower called O’Brien’s Tower to give you the best, unobstructed view of the area possible. \n\nWherever you are along the cliffs that stretch for over nine miles, the views of the oceanic surroundings are nothing short of magnificent and will leave you in awe of nature’s charms. \n\nTo make it easier for visitors, a trail was opened in 2013 to provide a better walking experience on the cliffs. The cliffs are also home to unique birdlife species, such as razorbills, kittiwakes, and falcons, who fly about casually in their natural habitat.\n\nA popular landmark in the West of Ireland, The Lost Valley, is an active working farm that takes visitors on a tour to explain how the great famine impacted life in Ireland in 1845. \n\nVarious areas of The Lost Valley remain untouched and are preserved for visitors to explore on a guided tour. During the tour, you will see multiple cabins, potato plots, and piles of stones that had been cleared for farming - just as the residents left them before they left due to the famine.\n\nThe guided tour of The Lost Valley also allows you to enjoy some breathtaking views of the rolling green hills and coastal area.\n\nLocated about 40 minutes from Dublin’s city centre, Dalkey Castle is a famous landmark in Ireland. The castle is one of seven fortified structures in the town of Dalkey. The structures were once used to store supplies. \n\nDalkey was also once a port for Dublin, resulting in many trade items being stored and moved through the town and into Dublin.\n\nToday, the castle is a popular tourist attraction because of the well-detailed tours they offer visitors. The tours are made realistic through Deilg Inis Living History actors that bring the tour to life, providing further entertainment to visitors.\n\nLocated near Letterfrack Village, Connemara National Park is one of Ireland's six beautiful national parks. The vast park features a range of trails for all ability levels, allowing you to enjoy the scenic landscape at your own pace.\n\nThe most popular trails lead to Diamond Hill. It will take approximately two to three hours to hike to the top of the cone-shaped hill, and the views from the peak are breathtaking. \n\nThe park is additionally home to an array of wildlife. Bird watchers will spot many varieties of birds, from skylarks to robins and wrens. You are also likely to see rabbits and may spot foxes and wild goats, among other woodland creatures. \n\nBe sure to keep an eye out for Connemara's famous ponies as well, which have become well-loved inhabitants of the park. \n\nIf you need to refuel during your exploration, there are picnic areas across the park or visit the park's quaint tea rooms for cake, scones, and hot drinks. \n\nThe park is open year-round, and well-behaved dogs are welcome to accompany you as long as they're kept on a leash.\n\nBuilt in the 1860s, Kylemore Abbey used to be the private residence of the Mitchell family. In 1903, the Duke and Duchess of Manchester bought it and later sold it to Benedectine nuns. \n\nThe 1000-acre estate includes a Victorian Walled Garden, a Gothic church, and the family mausoleum.\n\nVisitors can enjoy trails by Connemara Lake, guided history tours, and recipes by Benedictine nuns offered in the restaurant and tea house.\n\nKilkenny Castle is located in the village of Kilkenny and was built at the end of the 12th century after the Norman conquest of Ireland. It's another famous landmark of Ireland that has been part of the country's history for hundreds of years. \n\nA visit here will allow you to explore the stunning castle and its grounds either by yourself or with a tour guide. Despite being built in the 12th century, the castle's interior is Victorian in style due to remodelling that took place since its construction. \n\nInside, you can wander through over 15 rooms located across three floors. This includes the grand entrance hall and state dining room, as well as a library and Victorian nursery. \n\nHaving sufficiently explored the castle, head outside to the castle park and gardens. The grounds cover 21 hectares and feature trees, colourful plants, statues, and fountains. \n\nThere is a small fee for entrance to the castle, but admission to the park and gardens alone is free.\n\nBenbulbin, sometimes spelt Ben Bulbin, is a protected site located in the Sligo County of Ireland. The rock formation is famous for its sheer grass-covered sides steeply rising to a flat top at the peak.\n\nBenbulbin is a popular walking destination. The most well-liked walks start from the south side of the mountain as the northern side is exposed to high winds and storms, and the ascent is much steeper and dangerous. \n\nThe most frequent walk here is the Gortarowey looped walk. It is approximately 5.5 kilometres long and takes about 1.5 hours to complete.\n\nKnocknarea is a mountain located in Sligo town within County Sligo. The hill stands at 327 metres high and is predominantly made of limestone. Its name comes from a Gaelic phrase meaning “Hill of Kings”, and legend has it that kings were once crowned here. \n\nThe hike to the top is relatively easy, so it should be doable for most ability levels. It will take around an hour to hike to the top and close to 40-minutes to return to the bottom. \n\nAlong with taking in the beautiful panoramic views, you will want to look out for the Cairn located at the top of the mountain. Known as Queen Maeve’s Grave, it’s said that Maeve Queen of Connacht is buried here.\n\nGlenveagh National Park is the second largest of Ireland's six national parks and boasts incredible vistas as well as a castle and gardens. The park's notable geological features include the Poisoned Glen, Derryveagh Mountains, and Errigal Mountain. \n\nThose looking to hike in the park will be spoiled for choice, with a vast selection of walking trails to be found. The seven main tracks cover the entire park, and there are options for all abilities, from beginners looking for a gentle walk to experienced hikers after more of a challenge. \n\nYou will be met with striking views of sprawling forests, tranquil lakes, and tall mountains, no matter which trail you take. You may also encounter a range of wildlife. Animals in the area include red deer, otters, and various species of birds. \n\nDuring your visit, a stop at Glenveagh Castle is recommended. Built in the 1800s, this castellated mansion served as a highland retreat for its 19th and 20th-century owners. \n\nWhile here, you can also look around the castle gardens, complete with courtyards, walled gardens, and many types of trees and flowers. Best of all, the entrance is free!\n\nSlieve League Cliffs, also known as Sliabh Liag, rises over 600 meters above the Atlantic Ocean, making it among the tallest cliffs in Europe. \n\nYou can hike this mountain and enjoy views of the ocean and another one of the famous places in Ireland, Ben Bulben.\n\nDespite being taller and equally if not more stunning than the Moher Cliffs, Slieve League is less popular and therefore perfect for those who prefer a less crowded path.\n\nKing John's Castle is a 13th-century Anglo-Norman castle built on King's Island in Limerick, next to the River Shannon. It was constructed in 1200 at the request of King John, brother of Richard the Lionheart. This castle is one of the very popular landmarks in Ireland and is well worth a visit!\n\nA visit to this impressive castle will instantly transport you back in time. You will be able to explore both the castle's interior and its surrounding buildings, as well as the medieval courtyard. Inside the castle, there are a host of exhibits detailing the castle's history.\n\nThis includes exhibits with 3D models and animations, which offer you a more in-depth understanding of the castle's former inhabitants and staff. Children can try on historical costumes as well, including chainmail and dresses.\n\nOnce in the courtyard, you'll get a better understanding of the sieges that took place here, and you can explore the castle's chapel and blacksmith workshop.\n\nFinish your tour by going to the top of the castle, where you can enjoy panoramas of the castle's grounds. You will also get views of the River Shannon and the surrounding village and countryside.\n\nOne of Ireland's famous landmarks is a burial and ceremonial site in the County of Meath, The Hill of Tara. \n\nThe ancient hill has been the inaugural site and seat of power to 142 kings. It was also believed to be the site of the Ark of the Covenant and a gateway to the other world. \n\nTechnological advancement has led to the discovery of new monuments in the hill and a temple beneath it.\n\nRising 1038 meters tall, Carrauntoohil is Ireland's highest mountain and a must on any Ireland bucket list! It is a part of MacGillycuddy's Reeks, a mountain range in Kerry County.\n\nAs the highest point in Ireland, it is famous among hikers and climbers. There are several routes to take, but The Devil's Ladder Trail is the most popular. \n\nReaching the summit, you can enjoy the view of valleys and lakes and see the metal cross that replaced the original wooden cross erected in the 1950s.\n\nThe Ring of Kerry in County Kerry is one of the best hideaway spots in Ireland that presents nature in its best form; unspoiled and serene. \n\nThe 110-mile-long circular route takes you around the Inveragh Peninsula and through mountains, valleys, rivers, beaches, towns, and historic sites. Drive through the green rolling hills with your special someone, and you won’t even notice the time flying by. \n\nIf you want to make your journey more enjoyable, stop by its beaches, hike its peaks, or visit noteworthy sites, like the Ross Castle, the Cahergal Stone Fort, and the Kerry Cliffs.\n\nInside Killarney National Park, at the foot of Torc Mountain, is the 20-meters-high Torc Waterfall. Formed by the Owengarriff River, it cascades down a fault against sandstones and limestones. \n\nThe Irish word Torc translates to boar, and the legendary waterfall is associated with two local folklores involving wild boars. There are hiking trails, walking paths, and a viewing platform near the falls.\n\nDun Briste is a colossal 45-meter sea stack in Mayo County, just off the shore of the Atlantic Ocean. This geological formation is estimated to have formed over 350 million years.\n\nLegends attribute the separation of the stack to St Patrick, who was said to have struck the ground with his staff to drive away vipers. \n\nA storm separated the stack from the mainland in 1393 when people lived there, as evidenced by building remains.\n\nThe mythical tale of Satan spitting a chunk of rock out of a cave after St. Patrick banished him makes a trip to this gothic place ever more interesting. \n\nSet atop a limestone rock plateau, this is a classic medieval building complex that consists of a 12th-century round tower, a Romanesque chapel, a cathedral, and a castle. \n\nIf you love architecture, this structure, with the influence of both Herbeno-Romanesque and German architecture, will interest you. \n\nTo make your experience more appealing, you will be shown an audio-visual presentation that takes you through the origin of the place and some exhibitions. \n\nThe site also goes by the names of St. Patrick’s Rock and Cashel of the Kings. You have to book a tour in advance to visit the Rock of Cashel.\n\nThe Waterford Greenway, also known as the Déise Greenway, is a railway trail that runs from Waterford City to Dungarvan. The path is perfect for walking, running, or cycling. Dog walking is allowed, too, as long as pets are on a leash. \n\nThe Greenway is Ireland’s longest off-road cycling route, covering 46 km from start to finish. The route is solely pedestrian, so no need to worry about cars when walking or cycling. \n\nAlong the route, you will encounter 11 bridges and three viaducts. You will be able to enjoy scenic countryside views along with views of the Comeragh Mountains and Dungarvan Bay as well. \n\nAdditionally, you may come across other historical and cultural points of interest on the way, including a Viking city and the Kilmeaden Castle ruins. \n\nIf up to it, you can tackle the whole 46 km. Alternatively, you can explore just a section of the Greenway. The route can be accessed (and exited) from the start of the trail located in Waterford City or Dungvaren, or at one of ten other access points spread along the route.\n\nStretching 25 km along the coastline of County Waterford, Copper Coast Geopark is a vast outdoor museum named after the 19th-century copper mines. \n\nThe area features beaches, coves, sea stacks, blowholes, and cliffs. It was designated as a Unesco Global Geopark in 2015, making it the first in Ireland. \n\nVisitors can take guided tours, go on hiking and cycling trails around the area and enjoy the geological formations and cultural heritage the Geopark offers.\n\nWhile this list highlights some of the most famous Ireland monuments and landmarks, the island is packed with many more attractions that you should explore if you have the time to spare. Ireland is also popular for festivals, so don't miss one if you happen to visit during a celebration!\n\nEverything is worth capturing in Ireland, from picturesque natural landscapes to vibrant towns and more, so don't forget to bring your camera and take lots of pictures! \n\nIf you want to get the most out of these famous Irish landmarks, you should spend at least ten days roaming around the country or a few cities. \n\nIf you have less time, don't' worry! Pick and choose what appeals most to you, and create an itinerary that's most convenient and easy for you to cover.