39 Famous Germany Landmarks for Your Bucket List

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A river next to a stone railing, a bridge, and a building with a dome roof
There are numerous landmarks to see throughout Germany, like the Berlin Cathedral

Germany is one of the most visited countries in Europe. It's full of interesting architecture, historical sites, museums, art, and theater. Germany has a complex past that is full of important lessons. These are displayed throughout the country in places like the Holocaust Memorial, the East Side Gallery, and the Berlin Wall Memorial.

Ancient cities like Nuremberg, which was founded in the 11th century and is home to an imperial castle, are also prominent throughout the country. World-famous landmarks like Ulmer Münster, the world's tallest church, can also be found in Germany.

Moreover, Germany has a rich literary history and is home to the Brothers Grimm and famous German fairytales. Historic libraries, like the Duchess Anna Amalia Library, boast collections of extraordinary literary works by well-known authors, composers, and poets.

Beautiful landscapes are also abundant throughout Germany, from the Elbe Sandstone Mountains to the Black Forest, as well as many lakes, waterfalls, and valleys. Continue reading to learn more about some of the most famous Germany landmarks!

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39 Famous Landmarks in Germany

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Famous Places in Germany

A bridge over a river next to a German town and trees under a blue sky
Old Heidelberg Bridge is one of many famous landmarks to see in Germany
A stone bridge with natural rock formations and greenery around it
Bastei Bridge was built in the 19th century and includes natural rock formations

Bastei Bridge

The Bastei Bridge has been a famous German landmark since it was built in the 1820s. The bridge connects a series of rock formations named "Bastei," believed to have been formed by water erosion over a million years ago. These rock formations tower above the landscape at an impressive 1000 feet and offer incredible views!

A suspension bridge stretching across a green forest with people walking along it
Geierlay Suspension Bridge is the country's second-longest suspension bridge

Geierlay Suspension Bridge

The Geierlay Suspension Bridge spans 1,280 feet across the Hunsrück Valley in Saxon Switzerland National Park. It is a pedestrian-only bridge and the second-longest suspension bridge in Germany. The bridge showcases scenic valley views and is one of the top sightseeing spots in eastern Germany.

A white cathedral with a green domed roof next to trees and a river
The Berlin Cathedral is centuries old, having been constructed in 1451

Berlin Cathedral

One of the most famous landmarks of Germany, the Berlin Cathedral, was originally constructed in 1451. It has undergone several reconstructions over the centuries, including post-WWII after it had been infamously bombed. Today the cathedral is known for its impressive architecture, beautiful stained glass windows, and large domes.

☂️ Join a tour to see the Berlin Cathedral

A river with a boat on it next to an observation tower, bridge, and stone building
Museum Island in Berlin houses five incredible museums

Museum Island

One of the most famous World Heritage Sites in Germany, Museum Island is a collection of five museums in Berlin's historic Mitte District. It is a must on any Berlin itinerary!

Each museum showcases unique and historical architecture, art, and artifacts. Museum Island is extremely popular with over 3 million visitors a year. It is a must-see for those interested in art, history, and culture.

☂️ Visit Museum Island with an experience

Once a stretch of the Berlin Wall, the East Side Gallery is now the largest open-air art gallery in the world. Various murals cover the former concrete slabs of the Berlin Wall. Many of them depict scenes of German reunification after the tearing down of the wall. The murals were painted by over 100 artists.

☂️ Explore the East Side Gallery on a tour

A tall cathedral surrounded by houses with orange-red roofs
Ulmer Münster is the tallest church in the world

Ulm Minster

The Ulmer Münster is a 14th-century gothic cathedral standing at 530 feet tall. It is currently the tallest church in the world and one of the most famous German landmarks. The Ulmer Münster is one of the most visited places in Germany for its stunning architecture, historical significance, and collection of art.

A brick bridge over a river with a town and trees on the other side
Crossing Old Heidelberg Bridge is a must when in Heidelberg, Germany

Old Heidelberg Bridge

Originally constructed in 1788, the Old Heidelberg Bridge is an iconic landmark in the town of Heidelberg. This pedestrian bridge crosses the Neckar River connecting the historic Old Town with the newer Neuenheim district. Known for its scenic views and historic architecture, the Old Heidelberg Bridge is a popular location for walking tours and photography.

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A row of colorful Volkswagen vehicles in a museum
Stiftung AutoMuseum Volkswagen houses many iconic cars

Stiftung AutoMuseum Volkswagen

Another famous landmark of Germany's iconic automobile industry, the Stiftung AutoMuseum Volkswagen, is a top attraction in Wolfsburg. Over 130 cars are on display, showcasing Volkswagen's history. Famous cars such as "Herbie the Beetle" and several famous VW Buses are also in the museum.

Famous German Buildings

A large stone building with a glass dome roof and German flags near grass
The Reichstag Building is a famous government building in Berlin
A modern brick and glass building next to a red brick building and a river
Elbphilharmonie Hamburg is a unique, modern building where you can attend concerts

Elbphilharmonie Hamburg

The Elbphilharmonie Hamburg is one of the largest and most famous concert halls in the world. Known for its glittering glass facade and unique wave-like structure, the building is an architectural point of interest. Numerous concerts and events take place at the Elbphilharmonie Hamburg, drawing visitors from all over Europe.

☂️ Explore the Elbphilharmonie Hamburg with a tour

A stone building with columns and German flags in front of it
The Reichstag was reconstructed in the 1990s and is a parliament building

Reichstag Building

The Reichstag, also known as the German Parliament Building, was first built in 1894 but was later destroyed and abandoned under Nazi rule.

In the 1990s, the Reichstag was reconstructed by famous architect Norman Foster and once again served as the German Parliament Building. Today it still serves as the meeting place for the parliament as well as a visitor center and history museum.

☂️ Visit the Reichstag Building with a tour

An aerial view of a town square with people in it next to neo-gothic buildings
Marienplatz features three neo-gothic structures, including Munich Town Hall

The New Town Hall and Old Town Hall, Munich

Marienplatz, also known as Mary's Square, is a town square in Munich famous for the Old Town Hall and New Town Hall buildings.

These magnificent neo-gothic style buildings are located on opposite ends of the square and are both known as architectural icons of the city. The New Town Hall hosts the mayor and city council, while the Old Town Hall exists as a museum of sorts offering guided tours.

☂️ Discover Marienplatz on a tour

A tall modern glass building next to grass and a city skyline in the distance
One of Germany's tallest buildings is the European Central Bank Building

European Central Bank Building

The European Central Bank Building in downtown Frankfurt is one of the tallest and most famous buildings in Germany. This double skyscraper stands over 600 feet tall and houses the European Central Bank headquarters as well as a visitor and education center. The building was completed in 2014 and quickly became an iconic European landmark.

A cream manor house next to the grass and bare winter trees
The Duchess Anna Amalia Library houses numerous books as well as an art collection

Duchess Anna Amalia Library

With a collection of over one million books, including medieval manuscripts and other early literary works, the Duchess Anna Amalia Library is a world treasure!

The library itself is historic, with its main building dating back to the 16th century. In addition to its extensive literature collection, the library also houses an impressive collection of art and is on the World Heritage list.

A modern building with glass windows next to steps and Mercedes Benz flags
Car enthusiasts will want to visit the Mercedes Benz Museum, which has over 150 cars

Mercedes Benz Museum

The Mercedes Benz Museum is a top destination for automobile enthusiasts. This nine-level building has over 150 cars on display from the brand's inception in 1886 until now.

In addition to the cars, visitors will see a variety of exhibits about the brand and its founder, Carl Benz. They can also dine in the famous Bertha's Restaurant, named for Bertha Benz.

☂️ Join a tour to see the Mercedes-Benz Museum

A modern silver building next to a small tower, grass, and a road
BMW Welt has fascinating attractions on the German car manufacturer

BMW Welt

The unique futuristic architecture of the BMW Welt building in Munich draws just as much fanfare as the exhibits housed there! Inside, visitors can tour several floors housing cars, the BMW Museum, and several BMW restaurants. The BMW Welt is known as the #1 attraction in Bavaria.

Mirrored cube-shaped buildings next to a large pond and green grass
One of Düsseldorf's best attractions is the Kö-Bogen shopping and dining complex


The Kö-Bogen is a modern shopping mall and a top attraction in Düsseldorf. It was designed by award-winning architect Daniel Libe­s­kind. The building features a unique modern design with asymmetrical shapes and elements of stone and glass. The Kö-Bogen houses a variety of shops, restaurants, cafes, and bars.

Unique pink and brown buildings next to a square with a small statue in it
Frankfurter Römer is Frankfurt's city hall that was built in the 1400s

Frankfurter Römer

One of the most famous historical sites in Germany, the Römer has served as Frankfurt's city hall since the 1400s. Famous for its medieval architecture, the Römer is one of the top tourist destinations and most photographed landmarks in Frankfurt. Visitors are allowed inside only by guided tour.

☂️ Visit the Römer with a tour

Famous German Statues

A golden statue of a man in armor on a horse on top of a black podium with a plaque
The Golden Rider is an iconic German statue located in Dresden
A statue of a woman holding a sword with smaller statues below it under a blue sky
The Niederwald Statue was built in the 19th century after the Franco-Prussian War

Niederwald Statue

The Niederwald Statue was erected in 1883 to symbolize the unification of Germany after the Franco-Prussian War. The statue features intricate carvings depicting different scenes, German inscriptions, and a 34-foot-tall Germania figure. The statue overlooks the Rhine Valley and is a popular tourist destination.

Hercules Statue

The famous Hercules Statue stands over 1,700 feet above the city of Kassel. It is considered an icon of the city and can be spotted from miles away. The statue was completed in 1717 by the famous Italian architect, Giovanni Francesco Guerniero. The statue is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

A golden statue of a man in armor on a horse in front of a blue sky with clouds
The Golden Rider is a tribute to August the Strong, King of Poland in the 1600s

The Golden Rider

The iconic Golden Rider statue was sculpted in 1736 as a tribute to August the Strong. August the Strong was the elector of Saxony in 1694, then later the King of Poland. He was known for his artistic contributions to the city of Dresden. The statue has been an icon in the bustling town square for over two centuries now.

A fountain with a statue of Neptune and other smaller figures next to a blue sky
Located in Berlin, the Neptune Fountain represents the Roman god of the sea

Neptune Fountain

Neptune Fountain, also known as "Neptunbrunnen," resides in a popular city square in downtown Berlin. It was constructed in 1891 to represent the Roman God Neptune and the four rivers of Prussia. The Neptune Fountain stands 32 feet tall and is one of the most famous historical landmarks in Germany.

Famous Monuments in Germany

A stone arch with six columns and an oxidized statue atop it next to other buildings
Brandenburg Gate is arguably the most famous monument in Germany
Thin pieces of iron in a line with grass on one side and a path on the other
At the Berlin Wall Memorial, you can see remnants of the wall and visit a museum

Berlin Wall Memorial

The Berlin Wall Memorial serves as a German monument, place of remembrance, and museum dedicated to the history of the Berlin Wall.

Remnants of the wall that divided East Germany and West Germany from 1961 to 1989 are on display. Educational exhibits and artifacts detailing the history of the wall and the Cold War are also on display.

☂️ Explore the Berlin Wall Memorial with a tour

A memorial with concrete, rectangular blocks in rows under a blue sky with clouds
The Holocaust Memorial is a sobering but important landmark in Berlin

The Holocaust Memorial

The Holocaust Memorial, also called the "Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe," provides a sobering look at the Holocaust and its millions of victims. The memorial features the "Field of Stelae," concrete pillars of differing sizes and angles.

Architect Peter Eisenman constructed them to "represent a supposedly ordered system that has lost touch with human reason". The Holocaust Memorial provides an important must-see lesson on some of the darkest times in history.

☂️ Visit the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe with an experience

A curved red brick structure next to trees, small houses, a beach, and the water
The Laboe Naval Memorial is dedicated to German Naval soldiers who served in WWI

Laboe Naval Memorial

The Laboe Naval Memorial was completed in 1936 to memorialize the fallen soldiers of the German Navy during WWI. The monument features a 236-foot observation tower overlooking Baltic Bay and resides in Laboe's Memorial Square, amongst other memorials and Germany monuments.

A large stone arch with six columns and an oxidized statue of horses atop it
Brandenburg Gate is a world-renowned German landmark

Brandenburg Gate

One of the most famous historical landmarks in Germany, the Brandenburg Gate was erected in 1791 and has held an important place in German history.

Once a symbol of divided cities, the gate now serves as a monument to unity and peace as well as a reminder of overcoming tumultuous times.

☂️ Experience the Brandenburg Gate with a tour

An oxidized statue of a man sitting and holding a book next to a man standing
The Brothers Grimm Monument honors the famous German authors

The Brothers Grimm Monument

Known as the starting point for the German Fairytale Road, the Brothers Grimm Monument is a tribute to Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. The Grimm Brothers authored several famous German Fairytales including Hansel & Gretel, Rapunzel, and Rumpelstiltskin. The monument features a statue of the beloved brothers in the center of a market square.

A column with a gold winged woman statue on the top
Victory Column is situated in Berlin and features a statue of a winged goddess

Victory Column

The Victory Column was completed in 1873 to represent German victories in the Second Schleswig and Franco-Prussian Wars. This tall statue featuring a winged goddess is now a notable icon in the city of Berlin and is seen as a symbol of love and peace. A spiral staircase inside the column allows visitors to climb to the top and look out over the city.

☂️ Experience the Victory Column with a tour

Historical Places in Germany

A white fairytale-style castle with black-topped turrets surrounded by green trees
Neuschwanstein Castle is a fairytale-style castle built in the 1800s
A fairytale-style castle on a hill covered with green trees and mountains behind
The stunning Neuschwanstein Castle was constructed in the 19th century

Neuschwanstein Castle

Once home to Bavarian King Ludwig II, Neuschwanstein is a 19th-century castle in the Bavaria region of Germany. Neuschwanstein was constructed in 1869, although many parts remain unfinished to this day.

After King Ludwig's death in 1886, the castle was opened to the public. With the exception of times of war, it has remained a popular tourist destination.

☂️ Visit Neuschwanstein Castle with an excursion

A cathedral with two spires next to smaller buildings and trees
Constructed in the 13th century, Cologne Cathedral is one of Europe's most famous

Cologne Cathedral

One of the most famous cathedrals in Europe, Cologne Cathedral's history dates all the way back to 1248. This 515-foot-tall gothic cathedral is the tallest twin-spired church in the world and the second tallest church in Europe. An estimated 20,000 people visit Cologne Cathedral daily to admire the medieval architecture and priceless works of art displayed inside.

☂️ Visit Cologne Cathedral with an excursion

A brick castle with many turrets next to a brick bridge and autumn trees
Eltz Castle is a breathtaking piece of architecture from the 12th century

Eltz Castle

Nicknamed "a fairy tale in stone," Eltz Castle was built in the 12th century and has been continuously operated by the Eltz family ever since. The castle sits on a hill within a vast valley.

It is known for its breathtaking architecture and forested surroundings. Original furnishings, artwork, and artifacts are on display within the castle which is accessible via guided tours.

☂️ Visit Eltz Castle with an excursion

A brick castle surrounded by trees on a hill
Heidelberg Castle is one of the oldest structures in Germany

Heidelberg Castle

Another famous German landmark, the Heidelberg Castle is one of the country's oldest structures. It was built during the 13th century and has endured several disasters from lightning strikes, fires, and wars.

The castle has undergone various efforts at reconstruction, while parts of it remain in ruins. The Heidelberg Castle is a popular tourist attraction and houses many historical artifacts and artwork.

Medieval houses and a tower with a pointed roof with trees next to them
The Imperial Castle of Nuremberg was constructed during the Middle Ages

Imperial Castle of Nuremberg

The Imperial Castle of Nuremberg is part of a medieval city that dates back to the 11th century. The castle and many of the surrounding buildings are thousands of years old and once housed the Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne. Today visitors can tour the ruins of the castle and learn about the area's history throughout the centuries.

☂️ Visit the Imperial Castle of Nuremberg on a tour

A pond with swans on it next to regal white buildings with orange roofs
Completed in 1675, Nymphenburg Palace features stunning baroque-style architecture

Nymphenburg Palace

Nymphenburg Palace is a historic royal palace that served as the former home to generations of Bavarian rulers. It was completed in 1675 and is known for its incredible baroque-style architecture and expansive wings.

Nymphenburg Palace also houses a collection of priceless works of Bavarian art. Today the palace and surrounding gardens can be toured by the public.

☂️ Discover the Nymphenburg Palace on a tour

Natural Landmarks in Germany

A waterfall flowing down rocks surrounded by greenery
Triberg Waterfalls are one of the many stunning natural landmarks in Germany
One of many famous Germany landmarks to visit is Saxon Switzerland National Park
Saxon Switzerland National Park is one of many famous Germany landmarks to visit

Saxon Switzerland National Park

The Saxon Switzerland National Park is one of Germany's most famous National Parks. It covers 36 square miles of land at the base of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains and is home to the famous Geierlay Suspension Bridge. The park offers many opportunities for outdoor recreation, including hiking and rock climbing.

☂️ Discover the Saxon Switzerland National Park on a tour

Rock formations surrounded by green trees under a cloudy sky
The Elbe Sandstone Mountains are a popular place to hike and climb

Elbe Sandstone Mountains

The Elbe Sandstone Mountains lie on the border between Germany and the Czech Republic. The Elbe Sandstone Mountains gain over 2,300 feet of elevation and are a popular tourist destination for hiking and rock climbing. These mountains are also home to two national parks and the famous Bastei Bridge.

A German town with buildings and green trees next to a lake
Lake Constance runs through many German towns, like Meersburg

Lake Constance

Lake Constance is a 207-square-mile lake spanning the border of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. It is the largest lake in Germany and is known for its picturesque views and water recreation during the summer.

Towns surrounding the lake are home to many other attractions and recreational activities. Many famous festivals and concerts are held around Lake Constance.

A view over a forest with green trees and a round lake under a cloudy sky
The Black Forest is an iconic natural landmark in Europe covering 2,300 square miles

Black Forest

Germany's Black Forest covers over 2,300 square miles of mountains and forested land in southwest Germany. It is an area known for outdoor recreation–mainly hiking, lakes, and winter skiing.

The small towns that line the forest are full of local art, history, and culture. Top attractions include original 17th-century farmhouses on display in the Black Forest Open Air Museum.

☂️ Experience the Black Forest with a tour

Mount Zugspitze

Mount Zugspitze is part of the Wetterstein Mountains bordering Germany and Austria. Zugspitze is Germany's highest peak and home to three glaciers. It is one of the most popular destinations for outdoor recreation. Visitors flock to Mount Zugspitze for its beautiful scenery as well as hiking, rock climbing, and skiing.

☂️ Visit the Zugspitze on a tour

A waterfall cascading down greenery-covered rocks into a pool
The Triberg Waterfalls are beautiful to see in all seasons

Triberg Waterfalls

The Triberg Waterfalls are the tallest waterfalls in Germany with multiple cascades over 530 feet. Located near the famous Black Forest, the Triberg Waterfalls are a popular tourist destination and hiking spot. They are especially popular in winter when the landscape is transformed into a frozen wonderland.

In Summary

These are only the beginning of Germany's many landmarks. Whether visiting for the arts, exploring its noteworthy cities, or wanting to learn more about its history, there is much to see and do in Germany!

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Written by Lauren Rey

L_Rey FORMER WRITER Lauren might be based in Florida, but she is always plotting out a new road trip route with her partner-in-crime, Pickles. Pickles is a mixed-breed rescue dog that loves hiking, road trips, and Starbucks as much as her mom does!

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