English Landmarks - 55 Famous Landmarks in England
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Ah, England, the land of tea and crumpets. It is a country that is most known for its love of tea, but there is so much more to see and enjoy here.
England is rich in history and, with the British monarchy being one of the oldest in the world, it has many interesting English landmarks that are sure to make anyone visiting fall in love with the place.
Historical buildings aside, the country is full of areas of outstanding natural beauty (AONBs) that are balanced by the ultra-modern architecture found in several cities and towns all around England.
The small size of England may fool some travellers into thinking it may not have many things to do and sights to see, but it is a country that bursts with fascinating sights and century-old castles.
From the stunning seaside towns to the rich historical sites, some of the items on this famous landmarks in England list will capture your eye no matter which city you visit.
55 Famous England Landmarks
- Lake Windermere, Cumbria
- Hadrian's Wall, Brampton
- Durham Cathedral, Durham
- Coventry Cathedral, Coventry
- Tyne Bridge, Newcastle and Gateshead
- Angel of the North, Gateshead
- Central Library, Manchester
- St Peter's Square, Manchester
- Tower of London, London
- Buckingham Palace, London
- London Eye, London
- Trafalgar Square, London
- Tower Bridge, London
- Big Ben, London
- St Paul's Cathedral, London
- Hyde Park, London
- Palace of Westminster, London
- British Museum, London
- Tate Modern, London
- Natural History Museum, London
- Kensington Palace, London
- Westminster Abbey, London
- The National Gallery, London
- Hampton Court Palace, Greater London
- Brighton Palace Pier, Brighton
- Roman Baths, Bath
- Glastonbury Tor, Glastonbury
- Cheddar Gorge, Cheddar
- Warwick Castle, Warwick
- Shakespeare's Birthplace, Stratford-upon-Avon
- Stonehenge, Salisbury
- Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury
- The Guardian, Birmingham
- Jurassic Coast, Dorset
- Cerne Abbas Giant, Cerne Abbas
- St Michael's Mount, Marazion
- Eden Project, Bodelva
- Radcliffe Camera, Oxford
- Blackpool Tower, Blackpool
- Chatsworth House, Bakewell
- Spinnaker Tower, Portsmouth
- Humber Bridge, Kingston-upon-Hull and Barton-upon-Humber
- Sherwood Forest, Nottinghamshire
- Windsor Castle, Windsor
- Iron Bridge, Ironbridge
- Royal Albert Dock, Liverpool
- York Minster, York
- Holy Island, Northumberland
- Blenheim Palace, Woodstock
- White Cliffs of Dover, Dover
- Hack Green Secret Nuclear Bunker, Nantwich
- Yoesden Nature Reserve, High Wycombe
- Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln
- Avebury Stone Circle, Avebury
- Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester
England Landmarks Video
Check out our highlights video of England landmarks.
England Landmarks Map
A map of England landmarks. Use the map to explore all of the points of interest.
Lake Windermere, Cumbria
In Northwest England lies a beautiful natural escape called Lake District National Park. It is home to stunning landscapes, from rocky mountains to forests that run deep.
The park has several lakes, but the most popular one is Lake Windermere. It is 18 km long and is England's largest natural lake. Lake Windermere has served as a muse to many writers and poets from around the world, and you can go on a cruise ride around the lake if you'd like.
Hadrian's Wall, Brampton
A famous landmark in England, Hadrian's Wall, has been standing tall since AD 122. It was built by an Emperor of the same name to serve as the last northern frontier of the Roman Empire.
This mighty stone wall stretches 129 km from coast to coast in northern England and took 6 years to complete. It is listed as a UNESCO heritage site and attracts tons of tourists every year.
Along the wall, visitors can experience forts, milecastles (small forts), barracks, and ramparts, all with museums that recreate the history of the Roman Empire.
Durham Cathedral, Durham
Next to Durham Castle is an awe-inspiring Romanesque cathedral. Durham Cathedral sits on a rocky hill above a bend in the River Wear and can be seen from miles away.
You can visit this cathedral while you are touring the medieval city in Durham as it is a part of it. It holds immense significance for Anglicans and is the resting place of two Anglo-Saxon religious figures.
Durham Cathedral was built in the 11th century and is believed to be the only landmark in England that still holds most of its Norman architecture.
Coventry Cathedral, Coventry
If you're into WWII history, this famous landmark of England is for you. The Coventry Cathedral is a symbol of reconciliation in post-war Britain.
In 1940, the old cathedral was destroyed, and in its place, this new modernist structure was erected to commemorate the resistance of the British people during wartime.
When you visit, you will be able to see the hallowed ground where the medieval church once stood, with the words 'Father Forgive' etched above the altar.
You can come any time from 11 am to 3 pm Monday through Saturday, while on Sunday, the Coventry Catherdral is open from 12 pm to 3 pm.
There are no entry fees that need to be paid to enter the Coventry Cathedral, but visitors can always donate if they so choose to help with the upkeep of the place.
Tyne Bridge, Newcastle and Gateshead
When you visit the Tyne Bridge in Newcastle, you may be thinking you've seen it somewhere before, and you're not wrong. This bridge is modelled after the world-famous Sydney Harbor Bridge, one of Australia's top landmarks.
It was completed in 1928 with King George V and Queen Mary in attendance when it was unveiled. This magnificent steel bridge links Newcastle and Gateshead and is a nod to the rich industrial past of this area of England.
Angel of the North, Gateshead
On the outskirts of Gateshead, looking over the A1 road on the mound of an abandoned coal mine, stands a colossal steel sculpture. The Angel of the North has been here since 1998 and was built by the artist Antony Gormley.
It was once a controversial piece of art, but it soon became a famous monument of England. Visitors and locals flock to this sculpture to take a few pictures and marvel at its sheer size.
The angel's wingspan is as wide as a Boeing 747 at 54 metres, and it stands 20 metres tall. While driving on the A1 road, you can see it, but stop and take a few pictures to appreciate its grandeur.
Central Library, Manchester
One of the newer landmarks on this list, the Central Library in Machester, was constructed in the 1930s. The classical architecture of the building mirrors the popular style of that time.
Both inside and outside the building, there are stunning details that can transport people back a few decades. The Wolfson Reading Room is especially a popular one amongst visitors as it has impressive decor.
Some of the most important book collections can be found in this library, such as the entire works of Elizabeth Gaskell - a novelist who was native to Manchester and lived here in the 19th century.
For even more adventures, a trip to the Peak District should be at the top of everyone's list as it's only 40 minutes from Manchester. There are so many walks in the Peak District to enjoy, including Kinder Scout, Mam Tor, and Winnats Pass.
St Peter's Square, Manchester
One of the most famous places in England, let alone Manchester, St Peter's Square is home to many buildings that have historical origins. The gothic-style Manchester Town Hall can be found here, which was built in 1938.
St Peter's Square, with a vast history of its own, is also where you will find the Midland Hotel. Adolf Hitler is reported to have avoided bombing near it because he wanted it to become the headquarters for the Nazis in England.
Visitors can visit all these buildings and see the Manchester Cenotaph that was erected in 1924 after the First World War.
Tower of London, London
Located on the north bank of the Thames, the Tower of London is one of the well-known historical places in England. It is steeped in rich history, having been in existence since 1078.
The tower was built by William the Conqueror and has worn many hats during its prime days. It was used as a prison, a palace, a treasure vault, an observatory, and a menagerie (a place where a private collection of wild animals are kept for public view).
The Tower of London has a lot of exciting exhibits that will keep you busy for hours. One of the world's oldest visitor attractions, the Line of Kings, has been showcasing royal armour in all its glory since 1652.
While at this attraction, you can visit the White Tower, the Bloody Tower, and the Traitor's Gate that displays the mesmerising Crown Jewels.
Buckingham Palace, London
Have you really been to England if you haven't stopped by Buckingham Palace - one of London's most famous landmarks? Known as the Queen's headquarters, it one of the most-visited tourist attractions in the country.
You can catch a lucky glimpse of the Royal family on the balcony if you happen to visit during state occasions. The changing of the guard is another fascinating tradition that can be enjoyed at Buckingham Palace.
The area around the palace screams royalty, and the immaculate gardens nearby are a treat for the eyes. It was built in the 18th century for the Duke of Buckingham before George III bought it in 1761 for his wife, Queen Charlotte.
London Eye, London
One of the most famous landmarks in England, the symbol of London, the London Eye is a top-rated tourist attraction.
When it was unveiled in 1999 on the South Bank of the River Thames, it was met with some controversy. However, it has now become one of the most loved attractions in all of London.
The London Eye has 32 capsules that represent the city's boroughs and can each hold up to 25 people. Vistors aboard can enjoy the slow Ferris wheel type ride along with the view of the London skyline.
Watching the sunset over London while on the London Eye is a particularly great way to enjoy the London skyline - a must for any London bucket list.
Trafalgar Square, London
Located just down The Mall Road from Buckingham Palace in Westminster, Trafalgar Square is another famous British landmark.
In the four corners of Trafalgar Square are plinths with statues of some of Britain's most decorated military officers. The fourth plinth stayed empty for 150 years because the government ran out of money.
Visitors can enjoy the sights around the square and take pictures of the lion statues surrounding the main square. The smallest police station in Britain can also be seen hidden in the southeastern corner.
Tower Bridge, London
One of the most iconic landmarks of England, the Tower Bridge, was built in the late 1800s. It is open to both cars and pedestrians and stretches from the Tower of London to Shad Thames on the South Bank of the River Thames.
Modelled to compliment the nearby Tower of London, this bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge. It is made in a Victorian Gothic style, which gives it its distinct look.
Visitors in London for a weekend can go inside the engine rooms and visit the museum that takes them through the history of the bridge. Those who are feeling adventurous can walk on the high-level glass walkways to take in the stunning panoramic views of the city.
Big Ben, London
A famous monument in England, Big Ben, is one of the most visited and known landmarks of the country. It is located at the north end of Westminster Palace and is a must on any London itinerary.
Formerly known as the Clock Tower, it was renamed to celebrate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee in 2012 and is now known as the Elizabeth Tower.
The tower has a four-faced clock on it and stands high enough to be seen from anywhere in Central London. Big Ben was completed in 1858 with the rebuilding of the Houses of Parliament.
Don't forget to take a picture with this grand clock as you can't say you've been to London if you haven't taken a picture with Big Ben.
St Paul's Cathedral, London
Sitting on the highest point of the city of London, on Ludgate Hill, is the city's main Cathedral. St Paul's Cathedral was built in the late seventeenth century by Sir Christopher Wren.
After the original Gothic cathedral was burnt down in the Great Fire of London in 1666, this structure was constructed in its place. For any Royal fans out there, this is a popular place to visit as it is where Lady Diana Spencer and Prince Charles got married.
Visitors can take the 259 steps inside St Paul's Cathedral to the Whispering Gallery within the dome's interior. The Golden Gallery on the outside offers stunning views of the city around. The resting place of Wren is deep inside the cathedral's crypt as well.
Hyde Park, London
One of the most beautiful things about the Greater London area is the grand Hyde Park that sits in the middle of the busy city. It provides an escape from the hustle and bustle of the city and is steeped in rich history.
Hyde Park is one of 8 royal parks and covers an area of over 350 acres. It has a network of paths linking gardens, sculptures, historic sites, and fountains.
It has served as a royal hunting ground for Henry VIII and was owned by the monks on Westminster Abbey until 1536. Apart from the history that this park has, the sheer grandeur is enough to warrant a visit.
Walk along the paths and discover hidden historical gems and new art installations that pop up every now and then. Watch the ducks and enjoy a picnic with your family for the perfect day in Hyde Park.
Palace of Westminster, London
The Palace of Westminster is the political epicentre of England and has been in existence since the 11th century. The original building was built in the 11th century by Danish King Canute the Great.
You can walk along the outskirts of the palace and enjoy the stunning architecture of the new building built in 1834 by Sir Charles Barry.
The Palace of Westminster is one of the most famous landmarks in England and has been the site of many infamous trials, political rallies and has even survived the notorious Gunpowder Plot.
British Museum, London
The British Museum is the world's oldest national public museum. It was founded in 1753, and a mere six years later, opened its door to the public. It is one of the most visited landmarks in England, with 7 million people coming every year.
The permanent collection at the British Museum holds over 8 million artefacts and takes you through all of human history. There is no stopping that number from growing as the museum has continued to collect more objects throughout the years.
Visitors can see several famous ancient artefacts in the museum, such as the Elgin Marbles from the Parthenon in Athens and the world-famous Rosetta Stone, among many others.
Tate Modern, London
What was once a Bankside Power Station in the 1950s has now been transformed into a world-class modern art gallery at the edge of the Thames.
The building is kept in its original condition, so visitors walk through a vast industrial space while admiring the modern art and sculptures on display. The architects of this famous landmark in England are Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron.
Once you are done with the main building, don't forget to take a gander at the Turbine Hall, which hosts enormous sculptures and installations that are sure to leave you awe-struck.
Natural History Museum, London
England did not have its own Natural History Museum until the 1850s. The architecture of the museum building is Roman, and it took nearly eight years to build.
The artefacts and fossils found in the Natural History Museum are unmatched, and visitors can spend a whole day discovering and learning about the history of our civilisation.
The Hintze Hall is one of the most popular places within the museum to see as it hosted the remains of a Diplodocus till 2016 and now houses the remains of a blue whale.
Kensington Palace, London
At the edge of Hyde Park lies the historic Kensington Palace. It has been a royal residence for almost 300 years and serves as the official seat of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge today.
It is the birthplace of Queen Victoria and was where she was brought up and eventually met her husband, Albert. The Palace itself is said to be haunted by the spirits of people who have lived here, which is why many people visit it every year.
Apart from this, visitors can see an exhibit that showcases the life of Queen Victoria, the staterooms and the Queen's State Apartments that have remain unchanged since the 17th century.
Westminster Abbey, London
Westminster Abbey is the resting place for several monarchs, such as past Kings and Queens. It also has high religious significance for the British Royal Family as it is the go-to place for coronations and royal weddings.
When you visit it, you will feel like you have stepped into a British history book. It truly is a quintessential British Royal place to see and a top London attraction.
The National Gallery, London
Located in Trafalgar Square in Central London, The National Gallery of England is one of the most famous landmarks in the country due to the sheer size of the art collections it has.
Art exhibits and installations are changed ever so often while the main collections by artists such as Van Gogh, Leonardo da Vinci, Monet, and many others remain the same.
The Gallery came to life in 1838 and has been the go-to place for art lovers and people keen to see paintings from the 13th century up to the 20th century.
Hampton Court Palace, Greater London
On the banks of the Thames in West London, Henry VIII's extravagant pleasure palace sits prettily in all its glory. This grand palace was originally a personal home in the 16th century before Henry VIII transformed it into a Tudor Palace.
Visitors can walk through the palace and be amazed by the magnificent Great Hall, where you can see the towering hammer beach roof and fine tapestries decorating the walls.
Apart from the grand rooms and the stunning staterooms, you can also visit the impressive Great Kitchens, which are believed to have pumped out 1600 meals a day back when the palace was in full swing. End the day with a walk through the gorgeous gardens of the Hampton Court Palace.
Brighton Palace Pier, Brighton
Brighton is known for its beautiful seaside covered in small pebbles and stones instead of sand. The Brighton Pier is a Victorian pier that opened in 1899 and has served as a pleasure pier since then.
The Pier is 525 metres long and offers visitors the chance to enjoy fresh seafood, like the famous British fish and chips, an amusement arcade, and a fine balance of old and new fairground rides.
It is a Grade II listed building and is a popular spot for a day trip. Pack up a picnic or grab some food from the pier and enjoy a day out on the Brighton Palace Pier.
Roman Baths, Bath
The city of Bath is named after the Roman Baths that were constructed here in the first century AD in the Roman settlement of Aquae Sulis. It is next to the stunning medieval Bath Abbey and has a temple dedicated to the goddess of springs, Sulis Minerva.
At the time of its construction, its location was chosen due to the natural hot springs that the Roman Baths surrounded. Apart from enjoying the history of the Roman Baths, visitors can enjoy the extensive ruins and the incredibly informative museum.
Glastonbury Tor, Glastonbury
One of the most popular landmarks of England, especially in the summertime, Glastonbury Tor can be seen for miles around.
On top of this rounded hill sits a topless Grade 1 listed church steeped in pagan history. Tor means a cone-shaped hill in Celtic, which gives Glastonbury Tor its name.
Glastonbury Tor has been a popular spiritual sight in England for thousands of years. The church atop the hill is topless and was dedicated to Saint Michael in the fourteenth century.
From the top of the hill, visitors can enjoy the beautiful views of the Somerset countryside and, in the evenings, enjoy the sunset from this excellent vantage point. Glastonbury is owned by the National Trust and is free to visit.
Cheddar Gorge, Cheddar
Cheddar Gorge is a great place to go if you're looking for some natural beauty with a side of adventure. It is a limestone gorge in the Mendip Hills in Somerset and provides many things for people to do.
Locals and tourists walk and cycle around the gorge to enjoy the serene feeling of the area. The hills around also provide a chance for people to climb and explore the hidden gems in the Cheddar Gorge.
There are caves in the hills of this gorge and one of them has the oldest skeleton in the United Kingdom, which visitors can see with their own eyes. It is 9000 years old and is a unique experience to be had.
Warwick Castle, Warwick
A place where you can enjoy a range of fun medieval-themed activities and stay in authentic medieval rooms, Warwick Castle is a blast from the past, right in the middle of England.
Built by William the Conqueror in 1068, the castle has become one of the most visited landmarks in England, and rightly so, as it is Britain's finest and most complete medieval fortress.
Visitors can enjoy a scenic walk on the banks of River Avon before coming upon Warwick castle. Within the castle, you can see evidence of the many years of history it has lived through.
Shakespeare's Birthplace, Stratford-upon-Avon
For all the drama and theatre buffs out there, this is one of the best places to visit in England. Located in Stratford-upon-Avon, Shakespeare's Birthplace is one of the most famous landmarks in England.
The building is truly stereotypical British and, due to Shakespeare's fame, has become the most photographed place in the country. It attracts many tourists and locals year-round.
Visitors can explore the house where Shakespeare lived and got married. He had his children in this house and roamed the streets of this area as well.
Almost synonymous with the mere mention of England, Stonehenge is one of the most famous English landmarks. It is located on Wilshire's Salisbury Plain and is regarded as a British cultural icon.
Stonehenge is the single most famous prehistoric landmark in Europe. It was erected around 2500 BC, in the late Neolithic period, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This famous England location is shrouded in mystery as no one really knows how these sarsen stones got to this location and arranged themselves in a circular fashion.
Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury
Salisbury Cathedral is known as the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and has the tallest spire in all of England. It has one of the four surviving original copies of the Magna Carta and has become one of the most famous monuments in England.
Visitors to the cathedral can see the oldest working clock in Europe. It also has the largest cathedral cloisters and cathedral close as well as the highest vault in the country.
The Salisbury Cathedral is one of those landmarks that you need to visit in your time in England, the sheer grandeur of the cathedral is enough to leave you awe-struck. The details, shapes, and patterns inside are stunning and rich in history since its completion in 1258.
The Guardian, Birmingham
If you're visiting the Midlands in England, your journey will no doubt take you through Birmingham. The people of the Midlands are known to have a fighting and bullish spirit.
This is precisely what the statue of the bronze bull is made to show. It is a 6-tonne sculpture made by Laurence Broderick and has quickly become one of the most visited places in the city.
You can find The Guardian in front of the Bullring shopping centre. Visitors flock to this statue to take pictures with it and have been doing so since its first day back in 2003.
Jurassic Coast, Dorset
One of the most famous natural landmarks in England, the beautiful 153-km-long Jurrasic Coast on the Dorset coastline is a thing of beauty.
The coastline is filled with cliffs and beaches peppered with fossils unveiling the earth's history over the past 185 million years. The Jurassic Coast is designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the stunning coastline has some of the most famous rock formations in the world.
Durdle Door and Harry Rocks are two such formations that you can find along the coast. Drive down the coastline and relax on a beach before going exploring for fossils.
Cerne Abbas Giant, Cerne Abbas
In the village of Cerne Abbas in Dorset, you can find an ancient outline of a naked giant carved into the chalky hillside. It is 55 metres tall and has been here ever since people can remember.
The origins and the history of this outline have mystified many people over the years, but it is believed through folklore that it was an ancient symbol of fertility for the people living around the area.
If you're a fan of quirky landmarks, you should definitely be visiting this site. It is Britain's largest chalk figure.
St Michael's Mount, Marazion
Off the west coast of Cornwall, a very popular UK holiday destination, sits a medieval monastery in all its glory. It was home to the St Aubyn family since the 17th century, and it looks like it's straight out of a fairy tale.
Visitors will have to wait for low tide days as the granite causeway used to access this fortress only becomes accessible then. If you don't want to wait, you can always try and find a boat to take you across.
Once you're in St Michael's Mount, you will be met with stunning gardens, an old castle, and beautiful views across the water from the battlements.
If you need a place to stay in Marazion, there are several quaint Cornwall bed & breakfasts in the area to choose from.
Eden Project, Bodelva
If you are looking for something that takes you closer to nature but combines it with a few new technological advancements, then the Eden Project is an attraction you should consider adding to your Cornwall itinerary.
This vast tropical garden is built in an old Cornish clay pit and has different geodesic domes that have made it one of the most famous landmarks in England. It was first opened in 2001 and was designed by Sir Tim Smit.
The Eden Project features biomes that are filled with different species of plants and trees. The rainforest biome here is twice as tall as the Tower of London and is the largest indoor rainforest in the world.
Radcliffe Camera, Oxford
The Bodleian Library is a well-known historic library situated in the heart of Oxford. The main reading room of this library is the Radcliffe Camera room, which has a fascinating history.
The building itself stands out due to its circular dome, and visitors can spot this famous landmark of England from miles away. It was designed by architect James Gibbs between 1737 and 1749 and was intended to be used as a new scientific library.
You can marvel at the exterior and interior beauty of this structure and learn about the royal physician after whom the building is named. It is a must-visit even if only in Oxford for 24 hours.
Blackpool Tower, Blackpool
Designed by Victorian architect Frank Matcham, Blackpool Tower has stood on Lancashire's popular seafront since 1894. It is 158 metres tall and is a famous landmark in England.
The structure is an ode to the famous French landmark, the Eiffel Tower, and contains the Blackpool Tower Ballroom, which is well-known for its unique dance floor and stunning architecture.
Visitors can enjoy the day on the beach, visit the ballroom, and with the vantage point that the Blackpool Tower provides, take in some of the most breathtaking views of the city and the sea.
Chatsworth House, Bakewell
This stunning seat of the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire is one of the most beautiful landmarks in England. With so many stately homes in the country, it is hard to stand out, but this one takes the cake by a mile.
It is surrounded by parklands and lush green grass. Chatsworth House has been home to the Cavendish family since 1549 and was used in the popular film Pride and Prejudice.
The grand house features some stunning rooms with furniture that dates back to the time it was built. It also has one of the most important art collections in the whole of England.
Spinnaker Tower, Portsmouth
At the start of the new millennium, a 171-metre-tall tower on Portsmouth's historic harbour was unveiled. The Spinnaker Tower is visible from 37 km away, and it was meant to celebrate the start of a new beginning.
It wasn't fully open to the public until 2005, but it has become a famous landmark in England since then. The structure is uniquely designed and captures the eye of anyone who sees it.
With the ideal height and the prime location of the Spinnaker Tower, it offers one of the best views of the area, especially from its Sky Deck. Visitors can see the Solent and catch some stunning sunsets here as well.
Humber Bridge, Kingston-upon-Hull and Barton-upon-Humber
Thirty-six years ago, on June 24, 1981, the longest suspension bridge opened up in England. It connects Lincolnshire and Yorkshire and is one of the most famous bridges in the country.
The Queen herself inaugurated the bridge on July 17 of the same year, and it was given a Grade-I listed status in 2018. It is 1.4 miles long, and the road that runs on it is called the A15.
The Humber Bridge held the status of the longest suspension bridge in the world for 16 years, and travellers coming to England love to cross it for its stunning views of the Humber estuary, especially at sunset time.
Sherwood Forest, Nottinghamshire
If you've ever heard of Robin Hood, you will know the Sherwood Forest very well. It is the legendary home of this folklore hero and has some of the oldest oak trees in the world.
The Sherwood Forest is an ancient royal hunting ground and is smaller than it once was, but it still holds the grandeur of yesteryear.
In the forest, visitors can find Major Oak, an enormous ancient Oak tree that is one of the biggest and oldest in the world. It was also the place where Robin Hood and his men hid.
Windsor Castle, Windsor
Another one of the famous landmarks of England that were built by William the Conqueror, Windsor Castle is the Queen's usual place for a weekend retreat.
Windsor Castle was built in the 1070s and sits high above the River Thames on the edge of the Saxon hunting ground. It is the world's oldest and largest occupied castle.
Inside the castle are some of the most lavish rooms you may ever see in your life. It has its own chapel, St George's Chapel, which has hosted many royal weddings. More recently, it was the chapel of choice for Prince Harry and Meghan Markle.
Iron Bridge, Ironbridge
If you've ever wanted to know where the world's first iron bridge opened up, Shropshire is the place for you. The Iron Bridge stretches across the River Severn and gave the town nearby its name.
The structure was built by Abraham Darby III, based on the design by a local architect, Thomas Farnolls Pritchard. The bridge is 30 metres long and opened in 1781. It closed for crossing in 1934 for restoration, but it opened up again recently in 2019. Take a walk across the bridge to feel like a part of history.
Royal Albert Dock, Liverpool
If you're looking to find one of the largest collections of Grade-I listed buildings in England, head to the Royal Albert Dock. The Royal Albert Dock opened up in 1846 and had fast become one of the world's most important trading centres.
During the 18th century, the Royal Albert Dock was one of the biggest hubs for transatlantic trade in Europe. It was declared a UNESCO world heritage site due to its rich history and it being one of the country's liveliest cultural hubs.
Visitors can go through the museum that covers the history of the slave trade in England. The whole area was regenerated in the 1980s, and it is one of the most famous landmarks in England.
York Minster, York
York is one of the most popular cities in England that attracts people from all over the world. The ancient laneways of York are steeped in history, and one structure that stands out is York Minster.
The gothic architecture is mesmerising, and York Minster is the largest medieval cathedral in all of Europe. The windows, especially the Great East Window, are something that visitors cannot miss while in York.
The stained glass windows are some of the oldest in the world, coming from 1405, and the whole collection is just stunning. There are 257 stone steps leading you to the top of the mighty tower atop the York Minster, which provides beautiful views of the whole city.
Holy Island, Northumberland
One of the earliest centres of English Christianity, this small island off the Northumbrian coast is a great stop to add to your England itinerary.
The first settlement on Holy Island dates back to AD 653, and Irish monks built it. One of the monks was Cuthbert, one of the most important saints in Northern England during the Middle Ages.
The Island was abandoned in AD 793 after Vikings raided it. The ruins there today are from the 12th century and were built by monks who had returned to Holy Island.
Blenheim Palace, Woodstock
If you're a fan of history, you will love the Blenheim Palace. Built between 1705 and 1722, it was gifted to the Duke of Marlborough for his achievements in the military.
It has since then been the seat of the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough and a home for the Churchill family. Winston Churchill was born in this very palace as well.
Much of Winston Churchill's life was spent here, and he even proposed to his wife in the Blenheim Palace. It is a magnificent piece of Baroque architecture and is surrounded by lush gardens all around.
White Cliffs of Dover, Dover
One of England's most distinctive natural features, the Cliffs of Dover, are a must-see if you love to experience nature at its best. It's not only a popular song by Eric Johnson, but it is also one of the most famous landmarks in England.
At the end of both the world wars, these cliffs were the first sign of home for the soldiers returning from the war. That is why they are known as the gateway to Britain and have become a symbol of hope.
The National Trust protects the White Cliffs of Dover, and visitors can enjoy various historical sites along the coastline. The views of the English Channel and the Victorian South Foreland Lighthouse are stunning from these cliffs.
Hack Green Secret Nuclear Bunker, Nantwich
Hack Green is the name of a secret nuclear bunker that had stayed hidden for 60 years before being opened to the public.
The bunker is 35,000 sq. ft big and was intended to hold the regional government if a nuclear war were to break out. Hack Green was formerly a military listening post that was then converted into this hideout in preparation for darker times.
Visitors can go through the facility that will take them through parts of the bunker, including decontamination rooms, a hospital, and the place where the government would have convened.
Yoesden Nature Reserve, High Wycombe
The Yoesden Nature Reserve has been the same since medieval times, and the grasslands here support a lot of flora and fauna, some more common and some that you may not find anywhere else in the country.
Pack a picnic and head out to the Yoesden Nature Park for a lovely walk amongst the seasonal flowers. Enjoy the day looking at the different butterflies and insects that thrive in the reserve, or just soak up the nature.
Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln
The gothic Lincoln Cathedral is a sight to behold. It was commissioned by William the Conqueror in the 11th century and was declared sacred after its completion in 1092.
A central spire was added to the cathedral in 1311, which made it the tallest building in the world for a while until the spire collapsed due to a storm in 1549.
Visitors to the Lincoln Cathedral can enjoy the intricate details inside and marvel at the sheer size of the building.
Avebury Stone Circle, Avebury
One of England's greatest Neolithic landmarks, the Stone Circle, is another strange arrangement that has fast become very popular with tourists.
It is a UNESCO world heritage site due to its prehistoric origins. The stone circles were created by farming communities in the region in a shape called a henge.
During the Middle Ages, a village grew among the stones, and some rocks were used for building materials. Other stones were destroyed as they were thought to be associated with paganism and devil worship.
What remains now is a beautiful piece of land with stones arranged in a circle for reasons we can't be sure of, and a village where you can spend a day.
Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester
The stunning Gloucester Cathedral is one of the most famous landmarks in England. It was built in 1100 as a Norman abbey church and stayed intact due to its historical connections with the monarchy.
One of the largest medieval stained glass windows in England, as well as an elegant and classical gothic interior, can be found in the Gloucester Cathedral.
It is the site of Henry II and Henry VIII's coronations and the only cathedral that accepted Edward II's body after his death, serving as his burial site. For any movie buffs out there, this is also where many parts of Harry Potter were filmed.
From the variety of cathedrals and castles to the stunning natural landscapes, England has something for everyone. There are so many attractions steeped in royal history and will leave you feeling like you've stepped back in time too.
I hope this famous England landmarks list helped you discover all that this fascinating country has to offer. From the historical to the natural, this guide has got you covered.
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